Shin Splints: Causes, Symptoms, and Effective Treatment


Shin splints, medically known as “medial tibial stress syndrome,” are a common lower-leg ailment that can affect athletes, runners, and individuals engaged in high-impact activities.

Characterized by pain along the front part of the shinbone (tibia), shin splints can be a persistent and nagging issue. In this blog post, we will delve into the causes, symptoms, and effective treatments for shin splints, offering valuable insights to help you find relief.


Causes of Shin Splints


Understanding the underlying causes of shin splints is crucial for preventing their occurrence. Several factors can contribute to the development of this condition:



One of the primary causes of shin splints is overuse or excessive strain on the leg muscles and tendons. Athletes who suddenly increase their training intensity or volume are at a higher risk.

Improper Footwear

Wearing shoes that lack proper arch support or cushioning can lead to shin splints. Ill-fitting or worn-out shoes can exacerbate the problem.

Running on Hard Surfaces

Frequent running or jogging on hard, unforgiving surfaces like concrete can increase the risk of shin splints due to the repetitive impact.

Flat Feet or High Arches

People with flat feet or high arches may be more susceptible to shin splints, as these conditions can alter the distribution of forces in the legs.

Poor Running Technique

Running with improper form, such as striking the ground without effective absorption of force through the lower leg, can strain the shin muscles.


Symptoms of Shin Splints


Identifying the symptoms of shin splints is vital for early diagnosis and treatment. Common symptoms of shin splints can include:

Shin Pain

The hallmark symptom of shin splints is a dull, aching pain along the front of the lower leg, usually on both sides of the shinbone.

Shin Tenderness

The affected area may be tender to the touch.


In some cases, mild swelling may occur around the shins.

Pain During Activity

Pain typically worsens during physical activity, particularly during activities that involve running, jumping, or excessive walking.


Treatment for Shin Splints


Now that we’ve covered some causes and symptoms, let’s explore effective treatments to alleviate shin splint discomfort:


Rest and Recovery

The first and most crucial step is to give your legs adequate rest. Avoid activities that exacerbate the pain and give your body time to heal.

Ice Therapy

Applying ice to the affected area for 15-20 minutes several times a day can help reduce inflammation and alleviate pain.

Proper Footwear

Invest in high-quality athletic shoes designed for your specific activity. Consult a professional to ensure the correct fit and support for your feet.

Orthotic Inserts

Consider using orthotic inserts or custom-made insoles to provide additional arch support and cushioning.

Stretching and Strengthening

Incorporate calf stretches and strengthening exercises into your routine to improve leg muscle flexibility and stability. Being assessed by a Physiotherapist will help identify areas to focus on, and how to address these areas.

Gradual Return to Activity

If you’re an athlete, gradually reintroduce physical activity once the pain has subsided. Avoid sudden increases in intensity.

Physical Therapy

When shin splints become persistent beyond a few weeks, it may be necessary to seek assessment from a Physiotherapist. A physiotherapist can develop a tailored rehabilitation program to address muscle imbalances, correct running form, and provide additional guidance to overcome your pain.

Anti-Inflammatory Medications

Non-prescription anti-inflammatory medications like ibuprofen may be used, but only under a doctor’s guidance.

Compression Sleeves or Taping

Some individuals find relief by wearing compression sleeves on their shins during physical activity to improve circulation. A similar result can be achieved through shin taping techniques. 

Consider Cross-Training

Incorporate low-impact exercises like swimming or cycling to maintain fitness while giving your shins a break.



Prevention is Key


Preventing shin splints is often more manageable than treating them. To reduce the risk of recurrence, follow these preventive measures:

Gradual Progression

Increase your training intensity and volume gradually to allow your body to adapt.

Proper Warm-Up and Cool Down

Always warm up before exercising and cool down afterward to prevent muscle strain.

Regular Maintenance

Replace worn-out shoes, maintain proper form, and listen to your body to avoid overuse injuries.

Balanced Nutrition

Ensure you have a well-rounded diet that supports bone health and muscle recovery.


In conclusion, shin splints can be a painful setback for anyone. With the right approach, they can be effectively managed and prevented. Seeking professional help from a Physiotherapist can help identify the issues quickly, and get you back on the path to recovery sooner.

Remember to consult a physiotherapist if the pain persists or worsens. By incorporating proper rest, therapy, and preventive measures, you can keep shin splints at bay and enjoy a healthier, pain-free active lifestyle.