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Early Sports Specialisation vs Diversification in Youth Athletes at a glance

 

So you have a child showing talent in their chosen sport, and now you’ve got school, club and maybe even state trainings to fit in.

 

Should my child focus on one sport, or keep playing a few different sports?

 

A big difference between the current youth sporting experience and the experiences youth had 20 years ago is the rise of year round sporting opportunities. Football, netball, soccer and volleyball often ask or even require players to participate in the sport all year round, in order to stay in incentivised teams and development squads. Therefore, sports specialisation in early to middle childhood has become increasingly common.

 

 

 

 

 

What is specialisation in youth sport?

 

Sports specialisation is intense training in one sport while excluding others.

 

 

Concerns for specialisation

 

There is a concern that sports specialisation before adolescence may be harmful to a young athlete. These concerns include:

 

1. Interferes with children’s motor development

 

Structured practice of a specific sport from an early age can impact a child’s gross motor development as they aren’t able to develop a range of important motor skills. (eg. hand-eye coordination, jumping, throwing, hopping, balancing and running. )

 

2. Growth and injury risks

 

Young athletes are still growing. Constant changes in body weight, height and muscle mass provide additional stress to joints and connective tissue. If a growing child is exposed to the same repetitive motion they have higher risk of overuse and stress injuries.

 

3. Burnout

Early specialisation has been shown not only to be physically difficult but mentally tough which can sometimes result in withdrawal form the sport.

 

4. Does not guarantee future athletic success

 

What is diversification in youth sport?

 

Sport diversification involves playing variety of different sports throughout childhood.

 

Benefits for sport diversification

 

Current research by the International Olympic Committee supports exposing children to different sporting codes and physical experiences throughout their childhood.

 

1. Motor skill development

 

Children have the opportunity to practice a variety of fundamental motor skills and acquire these skills quicker. For example, instead of only developing hand-eye coordination as it pertains to hitting in tennis a child playing tennis and football can also develop foot-eye coordination.

 

2. Reduce injury risk

 

Participating in different sports reduces repetitive stress to growing joints and connective tissue and can reduce risk of overuse and stress injuries.

 

3. Transfer of skills between sports

 

For example:

 

Cognitive skills: It has been suggested that players who play multiple sports have the ability to apply diverse sporting tactics to different games and have greater understanding of player movement.

Physical skills: practice on one activity can result in improvements on another activity.

 

 

4. Enjoyment

 

 

Provides an environment that may nurture a genuine love for a sport.

 

 

When is the appropriate time for children to choose one sport to play?

 

It has been suggested children who participate in a variety of sports and should delay specialising until late adolescence. With considerations to:

 

 

  • The child having developed their fundamental motor skills, for example skills such as running, jumping, kicking and throwing.
  • The child having the sport-related fundamental motor skills, sport-specific knowledge, motivation, and social skills.
  • It should be the athlete’s choice to specialise.

Should children specialise in their chosen sport early, or continue playing a range of sports?

 

Based on current evidence, the best pathway for longevity and enjoyment of the sport is to encourage children to participate in a variety of different age-appropriate sport-related activities and settings.

 

 Read more about our Glenelg Sports Physio services here

 

If you have a child who’s struggling with injury from playing too many different sports, our physiotherapists treat children as young as 8 years old. Book in to see one of our physiotherapists through out ONLINE BOOKING system. Concession rates apply for full time students.